If you’re looking to get into candlemaking, it can be hard to decide where to start. Personally, I love soy candles and found myself wondering if I could make my own. I also love scented candles, but many store-bought candles are a bit strong for my taste and can give me headaches.
If you are the same, or just want a new hobby, making soy candles is easy once you get the hang of it. You can make any scent you want, or even unscented if you like. Read on to learn how to make a soy candle.
- It has hold up to 15% Fragrance
- Size: 10 lb. Bag
Commonly asked questions
What is Soy Wax?
Soy wax is a natural wax derived from soybeans. Yes, the same soybeans you eat! Soy wax is environmentally friendly and carries scent very well.
How Much Soy Wax to Make a Candle
This depends heavily on the volume of your mold or container you intend to use. Generally, for every 1 ounce of volume in your mold, you will need 1 ounce by weight of soy wax. Make sure you check how much your mold or jar will hold. You can do this by filling with water and then pouring that water into a measuring cup.
How to Melt Soy Wax Flakes
You can either melt in the microwave or in a pan. In the microwave, heat in short bursts and stir to see if it needs more heat. In a pan, keep the heat low and don’t leave it unattended. A double boiler is a much safer option. You can use any heat-safe bowl over a pot filled with a small amount of water for this.
What Temperature to Add Fragrance to Soy Wax?
You want your wax to be between 175 to 185 degrees Fahrenheit. This makes sure your fragrance is fully integrated into your wax. Make sure you add your fragrance off the heat source.
How Much Fragrance Oil to Add to Soy Wax
You want about 1 ounce by weight of fragrance oil to soy wax. Much more than this and you start having issues with wicking.
You will need a number of supplies and tools.
- Soy Wax
- Containers like tins or jars
- Wicks with a tab
- Fragrance Oil
- Digital Scale
- Pouring pitcher or container
- Heat source of your choice
- Wick stickers or hot glue
- Something to hold your wick straight like a pencil
- Warning stickers if you intend to give them away or sell them
For soy wax, get whatever kind you like or is available in your area. Flake wax is easiest to use. What wax you use as well as container will decide on your wicks, so keep the brand in mind.
Containers can be anything you like. You can buy specific candle tins, or reuse old jars or containers to hold your candles. Just be sure they can handle the heat.
Get pre-tabbed wicks so you don’t need to fuss around with adding tabs yourself. The size and number of wicks you need depend on the wax and container you use. Most manufacturers have advice on what size of wick you need on their website.
You can use essential oils technically, but they won’t give as strong of a scent as oil meant for soy candles. The amounts and results also vary more widely.
For heat sources, you can use a microwave or a double boiler. If you want to heat your pouring container directly in your double boiler, you can put down a folded kitchen towel to help protect your pouring container.
Thermometers are an essential tool. Any cheap candy thermometer works well, but you can use something with a digital display or the kind that uses infrared to read the surface temperature.
Wick stickers are used to secure the tab to the bottom of your container so the wick doesn’t move when you pour the wax. You can buy these, or use hot glue. You could also use a bit of melted wax to secure it. Just let it cool before you pour your hot wax.
There are special bars meant to hold your wick in place, but you could use a pencil or something to hold the wick straight. You could even cut a hole in painter’s tape, stick the wick through the hole, and tape it on the container to keep it straight while the wax cools.
Warning stickers with burning instructions are a good idea if you intend to give away your candles or sell them. You don’t need this if the candles are just for yourself.
You can also color your candles if you like. Buy colorants meant for soy wax in this case. You want to stick with a color meant for soy candles. Anything else can be dangerous.
How to Make a Soy Candle
We will be assuming that you are using the double boiler method for melting your wax. If you are melting in the microwave, use a microwave-safe pouring container.
Step 1. Set up your double boiler
Pour water into your pan and get it heating on medium-high heat.
Step 2. Weigh your wax
Place your pouring container on your scale and hit the button labeled ‘tare’ to zero out the weight. Weigh out your wax. Place the pouring container with wax in the double boiler
Pro-tip: This tutorial uses one pound, which will fill 16 ounces by volume of containers. You can do less if you like, but it might be more difficult for ratios later.
Step 3. Let your wax reach 185 degrees
Keep an eye on your wax as it reaches 185. This is the best time to add your fragrance oil since your oil will incorporate fully with the wax but won’t have any fragrance lost to the heat.
Pro-tip: If you’re using essential oils, be sure to make sure they can stand that heat. Some oils have a low flash point, the point at which they will light on fire.
Step 4. Weigh out your fragrance oil
You will need to weigh out your fragrance oil. 1 ounce will scent 1 pound of wax. Make sure you remember to hit tare so you aren’t weighing the container for your fragrance oil as well.
Pro-tip: If you are making less wax, you will need less oil. The ratio you want is about 6% by weight of fragrance oil. For half a pound of wax, you will need half an ounce of oil. Use this to determine how much fragrance oil you need. Remember, too much fragrance oil and you will have wicking issues.
Step 5. Add your fragrance to your wax
Once your wax is at 185 degrees, add your fragrance oil off the heat. Stir gently for 2 minutes in order to fully mix the scent and wax.
Pro-tip: This is also when you would add your coloring if you are using it. Make sure to let it melt in before you add your fragrance, then continue as normal.
Step 6. Cool your wax
You want your wax to reach 135 degrees before you pour them.
Pro-tip: Many people pour between 120 and 135 degrees. Feel free to experiment and see what temperature gives you the best results.
Step 7. Prepare your containers
Make sure your containers are free of dust, then use your wick stickers or hot glue to secure the bottom tab of the wick to the center of your containers. You can also use a small amount of wax.
Pro-tip: You can do this ahead of time if you’re worried about your wax cooling too much. Do this as well if you are filling more than a few containers.
Step 8. Pour your wax
Once your wax has reached 135, pour slowly into your containers. You want to avoid creating bubbles since this will make your candles look lumpy.
Pro-tip: Leave about a quarter of an inch at the top of your container. You don’t want to over-fill.
Step 9. Secure your wick
Use your wick bar, pencil, stick, or whatever you like to hold your wick straight and centered in your wax.
Pro-tip: If you are using multiple wicks, each will need to be secured. Remember, a wick that isn’t straight will result in a candle that burns unevenly.
Step 10. Leave to cool
Leave your soy candles to cool for at least overnight, though 24 hours may give you better results. Make sure they are away from drafts and won’t be jostled or moved.
Pro-tip: Keep your candles spaced apart or they may take longer to cool down. 4 inches should be plenty of space.
Step 11. Trim your wick
Once your candles are completely cooled, trim the wick down to about 1/4 inches. Now your candle is ready to burn!
Pro-tip: Trim your wick to this length every time you are ready to burn it. Make sure you remove the trimmed off wick as well. This gives you a cleaner burn.
- Kit With Wax And 2 Size Wicks
- Capacity: 6 quarts
There we go, now you know how to make a soy wax candle. I hope you liked the tutorial and will be making candles soon. I love that I can pick my own scents and customize the strength. Candles also make great gifts, and if you love candles, you know how expensive they can get. Making my own is so much cheaper.
If you did try this and have some thoughts or tips, be sure to leave a comment down in the comment section. If you found this helpful, be sure to share this article with your friends and family. Maybe you’ll be gifted some homemade soy candles too!